Roma kids' enrolment rate in primary school is lower by one third than among the non-Roma population. A Multiple Indicator Survey of the Roma population for 2011 and 2012 in Bosnia and Herzegovina has shown that only one-half of Roma children (47 precent) attend the first grade of primary school and that over one-half of Roma children aged between two and 14 years were exposed to some form of psychological or physical punishment by their parents or other adult members of their households. According to some of the teachers, students from Kreka have limited access to technology and other learning materials and experiences because their parents are mainly unemployed or on a very low wages. Various evidences show that students from low-socioeconomic status households and communities develop academic skills slower than others.
After the seminar was finished and the plan and program was developed, the teacher established a coding club. He says that students were doing homework regularly and gained practical experience, so all of them can master the skill of coding.
All interested students were invited to join and the teacher was ‘pleasantly surprised by the response’. Among club members there were three girls, one student with mild difficulties in mental development and one Roma student. Everyone was doing something. For instance, the student with mild mental difficulties did not do coding but she enjoyed observing what others do. In relation to that the club coordinator says: ‘She didn't want to deal with the coding, but it was interesting for her to watch what was happening in the club and, for example, to see her name shine on the Micro:bit. That was very interesting to her and I let her learn that way’.
One Roma boy was also a member of the club. He came at the persuasion of a friend, but very quickly became interested and began to make codes for simple tasks. Now they are working all together, having same skills and creating new projects.